In this post, we’re getting in the time machine and going back to a post from — can you believe it? — two years ago, on International organization for standardization (known as ISO) and language codes. While Russell Brand and Katy Perry’s marriage has come and gone since then, language codes are still still very much around, so let’s delve a bit deeper now and look at the codes and the “flavors” of a language.
When you start thinking about going international, our Localization geek Jon Ritzdorf, always advises businesses to ask, “who is my target global user?” Are you targeting a region, a specific country or countries, or a language group?
Depending on your go-to-market strategy, you may find yourself targeting several countries in Western Europe, such as:
|Country||Language||ISO language code|
|United Kingdom*||UK English||EN|
*Yes, you’ll want to localize for the UK (as noted in our recent newsletter article) if your original, source language is American English!
Then, your sales director decides that Latin America is the perfect market for your product and requests localization for Brazil and Argentina. You think, “I already have Portuguese and Spanish covered — I am such a rock star!” Sorry, Mick Jagger, but it’s not that easy. If you truly want your target market in each country to have a locale-specific experience, in their local language, then you’ll have to translate into the local, country-specific language, or “flavor” of the language. Just as with UK and American English, there are different words, metaphors, sayings, and even tone of how businesses talk to their customers. Here are a few examples of the differences between European and Brazilian Portuguese:
|English||Brazilian Portuguese||European Portuguese|
|Candy||Bala||Rebuçado||Bala in Portugal is a bullet.|
|Line (as in get in line)||Fila||Bicha||Bicha in Brazil is slang for gay.|
|Cell-phone||Celular||Telemóvel||Celular in Portugal refers to a cell.|
|Getting a cold||Ficar resfriado||Ficar constipado||Constipado in Brazil refers to being constipated.|
|Suit||Terno||Fato||Fato in Brazil means fact.|
|Juice (fruit)||Suco||Sumo||Suco in Portugal refers to the sap of a tree.|
|TV screen||Tela||Écran||Tela in Portugal is a canvas.|
|Leave me alone||Vai plantar batatas||Desampara-me a loja|
To help distinguish the “flavor” or regional preference of a language, you may see other letters appended to the ISO codes when working on your localization project with an internal team or a localization company.
Now, the language grid would look like this (the first abbreviations being the “flavor”, the second abbreviation being the ISO language code):
|Country||Language||“Flavor” & ISO language code|
|United Kingdom||UK English||UK_EN|
If your budget or timing restricts you from localizing for each language flavor, there are options for “universal Spanish” or “Latin American Spanish” (if you’re targeting a Latin American Spanish-speaking region). Note that not all languages can be universal or grouped together; Chinese isn’t necessarily interchangeable depending on your target market. How specific you get with each language depends on many factors. Your localization agency can help guide you through this process.